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The Routledge Atlas of the Holocaust: The Complete History by Martin Gilbert

By Martin Gilbert

The harrowing heritage of the Nazi try to annihilate the Jews of Europe throughout the moment global struggle is graphically portrayed in 316 hugely distinct maps. Over forty photos and huge passages of textual content extra illustrate those occasions.

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Near Wlodawa, the survivors were made to take the corpses out of the train. The SS guards then opened fire, killing 120 more of the prisoners. 24 Map 19 A further group of Polish Jewish prisoners-of-war was brought to Lublin. They were told that they were to be sent to Soviet Russia. On the march northwards, ostensibly towards the border, almost all of them were killed. The survivors were held in the prisoner-of-war camp at Biala Podlaska, where another 200, denied medical attention, died of typhus.

In March 1939 Hitler ordered his armies to enter the Bohemian and Moravian provinces of Czechoslovakia (opposite, below). Tens of thousands of Jews were trapped, many of them refugees from Germany and Austria who had fled to Bohemia and Moravia a year before. Other Jews fled from Slovakia to Poland, as the Slovak province, where anti-semitic activities had been growing, declared its independence. Jews had first been mentioned in Prague in AD 970, the first settled community in 1091. They survived repeated expulsions in the seventeenth century, to enjoy religious liberty and their own civil jurisdiction by 1700.

Jews from the rest of the town were then forced to leave their homes, and to move into this other, often much smaller area, in which even the basic amenities were not available. Not only the Jews of each of the towns shown in the map on the left, but also deportees from the Warthegau, and from the surrounding rural communities, were forced to move into these new ghetto confines; at Piotrkow 8,000 local Jews were joined by a further 8,000 deportees. In each ghetto food supplies and medical provisions were restricted.

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