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Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson,

By Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, Nora Roehner

Peacebuilding is an interactive strategy that contains collaboration among peacebuilders and the successful elites of a postwar society. whereas the most admired assumptions of the peacebuilding literature asserts that the pursuits of household elites and peacebuilders coincide, Costly Democracy contends that they infrequently align.

It unearths that, whereas family elites in postwar societies could wish the assets that peacebuilders can convey, they can be much less wanting to undertake democracy, believing that democratic reforms may well endanger their important pursuits. The ebook deals comparative analyses of modern instances of peacebuilding to deepen figuring out of postwar democratization and higher clarify why peacebuilding missions usually deliver peace—but seldom democracy—to war-torn nations.

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They may also accuse peacebuilders of establishing foreign (quasi-colonial) rule over the postwar society. In so doing they hope to reduce peacebuilders’ leverage by establishing the superiority of their own legitimacy. To sum up, domestic political actors calculate adoption costs by assessing the impact that democratization will have on their security situation and on their ability to achieve a prime political objective. They may also take into account the costs of not adopting democracy (that is, of alienating peacebuilders).

5 Regan and Aydin find that “religious and ethnic conflicts have a longer expected duration than ideological conflicts . 8 The number of rebel factions involved in a war might also affect the chances of peace. 10 In summary, there is substantial support in the quantitative literature for the claim that wars of higher intensity, wars with more than one rebel faction, and wars that center on ethnic or other identity conflict are less likely to be followed by durable peace. War Settlement Characteristics The literature on postconflict peacebuilding also suggests that the way a war ends may have important implications for the duration of peace.

Our conceptualization of peacebuilding as social interaction urges us to think about the costs domestic political actors must incur when adopting a given peacebuilding package and about the ways peacebuilders can exert leverage to offset these costs. In the next section, we discuss possible sources of adoption costs and leverage. Leverage, Adoption Costs, and the Peacebuilding Game 29 Adoption Costs and Leverage We define adoption costs as the perceived costs to domestic political actors of adopting democracy as part of a peacebuilding process.

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