Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of by Adam Roberts, Timothy Garton Ash

By Adam Roberts, Timothy Garton Ash

Civil resistance--non-violent motion opposed to such demanding situations as dictatorial rule, racial discrimination and overseas army occupation--is an important yet inadequately understood characteristic of global politics. specifically in the course of the peaceable revolutions of 1989, it has helped to form the area we are living in. Civil Resistance and tool Politics covers lots of the top instances, together with the activities master-minded through Gandhi, the united states civil rights fight within the Sixties, the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, the 'people energy' rebel within the Philippines within the Eighties, the campaigns opposed to apartheid in South Africa, a few of the routine contributing to the cave in of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-91, and, during this century, the 'colour revolutions' in Georgia and Ukraine. The chapters, written via major specialists, are richly descriptive and analytically rigorous. This e-book addresses the complicated interrelationship among civil resistance and different dimensions of strength. It explores the query of no matter if civil resistance might be visible as very likely changing violence thoroughly, or as a phenomenon that operates at the side of, and amendment of, energy politics. It appears to be like at circumstances the place campaigns have been repressed, together with China in 1989 and Burma in 2007. It notes that during a number of circumstances, together with Northern eire, Kosovo and Georgia, civil resistance activities have been through the outbreak of armed clash. additionally it is a bankruptcy with new fabric from Russian information displaying how the Soviet management spoke back to civil resistance, and a entire bibliographical essay. Illustrated all through with a extraordinary collection of pictures, this uniquely wide-ranging and path-breaking research is written in an obtainable sort and is meant for the overall reader in addition to for college kids of recent historical past, Politics, Sociology and diplomacy.

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Additional resources for Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present

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The idea of ‘progressive substitution’ The second tradition sees civil resistance in progressive substitution for the use and threat of force, but at the same time recognizes that force has served important functions in society—for example in policing and in defence. In this view, civil resistance needs to be developed skilfully and strategically if it is to serve the functions previously served by armed force. The hope is that it will replace reliance on force progressively in a succession of issue-areas.

The round table, as used at the opening of the critically important negotiations in Warsaw in February–April 1989, is the classic symbol. In August 1989, as a result of the Polish round-table talks and the elections that followed, a non-communist became Prime Minister—the Wrst time this had happened in any communist country, and an epochal moment in the ending of the Cold War. This episode, with its major consequences for international relations, is one piece of evidence of the continuous interplay between civil resistance and power politics, and of the role of negotiation in that interplay.

Such restraint has been less in evidence since the end of the Cold War. The sudden and decisive collapse of many authoritarian regimes—whether in the Philippines in 1986, the Soviet-dominated world in 1989–91, Serbia in 2000 or Afghanistan in 2001—led to certain universalist conclusions. These events undoubtedly strengthened the argument that systems of multi-party democracy have wide appeal, and can be applied (with appropriate adaptations) in many previously authoritarian societies. In the post-Cold War years, some international advocacy of democracy has been skilful and eVective—including much of the European eVort in the postcommunist countries of the ‘old continent’.

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