By Sonya Michel, Rianne Mahon
No matter if childcare is obvious as a part of society's academic coverage, welfare coverage, or employment coverage impacts not just its shape and content material but additionally its public photograph. The individuals during this quantity use present polices for the care of babies and preschool childrens to investigate debates and song the emergence of latest kingdom welfare practices throughout numerous social and political configurations-and supply a few conclusions approximately which equipment paintings the easiest.
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Extra resources for Child Care Policy at the Crossroads: Gender and Welfare State Restructuring
As maternal em ployment grew, these organizations gradually shifted their activities to broader so cial issues such as environmental protection and the peace movement. Within the context of postwar gender politics, the Japanese welfare state devel oped increasingly dualistic family and child care policies: while formal policies ex tolled the primacy of women’s housewifery and family care roles, in practice, public child care continued to grow in relation to the increasing number of working moth ers.
It includes a set of fairly com prehensive but occupationally and status-separated social insurance schemes favoring male corporate employees and their families, and a modicum of income support and social services for the family, women, children, and the elderly. , women). This arrangement has enabled the Japanese state to maintain an exceptionally low level of social secu rity expenditure. For example, from 1955 to 1970 the Japanese state expenditure on social security remained steady at about 6 percent of the total gross domestic product (GDP), approximately half the level of the United States, a third of Britain’s, and less than a quarter of Sweden’s at the same time.
Rather the lat ter is understood to provide critical supports. See Jenson (1998), Levesque and Mendell (1999), and Shragge and Fontan (2000) for a discussion of the conditions under which the third sector/social economy can flourish in a manner consistent with egalitiarian aims. 13. Parental leave can, of course, have a negative effect on one’s career trajectory. Thus it is important to promote an equitable sharing of that leave as between parents. , that of Sweden). 14. In the afterword, Sonya Michel will discuss some of the complex ways in which fem inist rationales for child care intersect with other discourses concerning child care.