By Dirk M. Guldi, Nazario Martín
Written by way of the main favourite specialists and pioneers within the box, this prepared reference combines basic learn, fresh breakthroughs and real-life functions in a single well-organized treatise.As such, either beginners and tested researchers will locate the following a variety of present equipment for generating and characterizing carbon nanotubes utilizing imaging in addition to spectroscopic suggestions. One significant a part of this thorough evaluation is dedicated to the managed chemical functionalization of carbon nanotubes, protecting fascinating purposes in photovoltaics, natural electronics and fabrics layout. the most recent study on novel carbon-derived buildings, comparable to graphene, nanoonions and carbon pea pods, around off the booklet.
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Extra info for Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures: Synthesis, Characterization, Functionalization, and Applications
And Maruyama, S. (2003) Molecular dynamics simulation of formation process of single-walled carbon nanotubes by CCVD method. Chem. Phys. , 382, 381. Shibuta, Y. and Maruyama, S. (2007) A molecular dynamics study of the effect of References 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 a substrate on catalytic metal clusters in nucleation process of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Chem. Phys. , 437, 218. , and Luzzi, D. Encapsulated C60 in carbon nanotubes. (1998) Nature, 396, 323. , and Wang, X. (2007) Synthesis of high quality singlewalled carbon nanotubes by arc discharge method in large scale.
TEM observations show that for nanotube walls rooted in the catalysts particles, the graphitic walls reside at step sites [21, 52]. They also show that active catalyst particles during growth exhibit liquid-like properties while still retaining solid properties (lattice fringes are clearly observed). This liquid-like behavior does not answer a controversial area for both ﬂoating catalysts and supported catalysts, namely, does carbon delivery to a growing graphitic wall occur through bulk diffusion or surface diffusion.
Takagi et al.  showed the ceramic catalyst concept in its full glory in a study in which they prepared nanosized Ge and Si particles on SiC and nanosized SiC in Si. In all cases they successfully synthesized SWNT. More recently Huang et al. showed that one can actually grow SWNT from SiO2, Al2O3, and TiO2 on supports conﬁrming the work by R€ ummeli et al. Often these ceramic techniques are referred to as catalyst free, however, other techniques in which CNT are formed from the vapor phase without a catalytic particle or catalytic support are more aptly described as catalyst-free synthesis routes.