By Karl Ganzhorn, Sergio Faustoferri
Small and medium organizations (SMEs) in all commercial nations have an excellent want for technical and medical information and product and marketplace info. SMEs additionally produce helpful info of mutual gain for themselves. a formal and fit improvement of SMEs in constructing, in addition to in lots of industrialized nations in Europe and somewhere else would require a few help companies, between which the advance of infrastructural details providers is a key point. fast growth in info applied sciences has decreased the associated fee and elevated the supply of robust workstations, own pcs and new conversation amenities. This has created new possibilities for utilizing those and different applicable applied sciences to conceive sensible info companies for SMEs. This publication includes the court cases of a world seminar on distri- buted database structures for SMEs held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, in may perhaps 1989. The seminar was once prepared as a joint project of the Institute of medical and Technological info of China (ISTIC), the United countries Centre for technology and know-how for improvement (CSTD) and the fee of the eu groups (CEC). techniques conceal operational strategies, technique and applied sciences to be utilized within the quite a few levels of infrastructural evolution. Dr. Ganzhorn is a member of the United countries Advisory Committee on technological know-how and expertise for improvement, a physique composed of 28 personalities of reputation with different backgrounds from around the world. he's a former Director of technology and know-how of IBM Europe, an Honorary Professor on the college of Karlsruhe and a former President of the German actual Society. Dr. Faustoferri is a knowledge platforms Officer of the United international locations business improvement association (UNIDO). on the time of the Beijing seminar, he used to be an affiliate professional with the United international locations Centre for technological know-how and know-how for improvement (CSTD).
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Extra resources for Bridging the Information Gap: for Small and Medium Enterprises
These new infonnation needs, like a mighty torrent, vigorously pound the obsolete pattern of infonnation services. Especially for ISTIC which mainly served the research institutes by providing scientific literature as the only means in the past, this is a severe challenge. It has forced us to ponder over and seek after a new pattern for infonnation service. In recent years, we have made experiments in the following aspects. At one hand, new infonnation sources are looked for, service patterns improved and service items opened up to meet new demand of users.
This is in many cases an aid to those inputting the data where the full title is too long to use and the acronym has some meaning and is clearly related to the full string. However as the number of acronyms grows the situation will eventually be reached that a sufficient number of meaningful acronyms cannot be found. It is probably better to consider starting with a meaningless numeric string and a related help facility to relate the number to the full title for ease of use and for checking on the data input.
However, the original value of ftxed assets and production capability are the two criteria used in the 1988 "China Statistics Yearbook" for dividing enterprises. The present trend is that enterprises are divided with the two criteria combined. However foreign countries  consider SMEs to be generally enterprises with up to 100-200 workers. According to the Yearbook, in China there are overall 493,573 industrial enterprises, of which 483,708 are small and 6957 are medium-size enterprises. 0% of China's total industrial output value and employees accounting for more than 78% of the total industrial labour force in China.