By Matthew Worley, Kevin Morgan, Norman LaPorte
Bringing jointly top specialists and leading edge students, this assortment re-examines the defining strategies of Stalinism and the Stalinization odel. the purpose of the booklet is to discover how the typical imperatives of a centralized move have been skilled throughout nationwide obstacles.
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Extra resources for Bolshevism, Stalinism and the Comintern : Perspectives on Stalinization, 1917-53
Borkenau, The Communist International (London: Faber and Faber, 1938). 20 Important collections are C. Pennetier and B. Pudal (eds), Autobiographies, autocritiques, aveux dans le monde communiste (Paris: Belin, 2002); B. Studer, B. Unfried and I. Hermann (eds), Parler de soi sous Staline: La construction identitaire dans le communisme des années trente (Paris: MSH, 2002). 21 B. Studer, ‘La femme nouvelle’, in M. Dreyfus et al. (eds), Le Siècle des communismes (Paris: Seuil, 2000), pp. 381–4. 22 See Studer and Haumann, ‘Enleitung’/’Introduction’, in Studer and Haumann, Stalinistische Subjekte, pp.
After the Comintern intervened to moderate KPD policy in 1925, the left fragmented. A number of ultraleft groupings were expelled, while the remainder joined the procommunist left under Thälmann. g. parliamentarians, propagandists, editors) and apparatus ofﬁcials (most notably Walter Ulbricht), who avoided taking sides in factional feuds. Centralization and the end of democracy within the party The far-reaching reconstruction of the KPD’s organizational structure during the 1920s had several important consequences.
As a Stalinist organization, the KPD also swore by Stalin as a person. 57 ‘Military discipline’ was created through ‘ideological terror’, that is to say, any criticism of the Soviet Union, CPSU and, above all, Stalin was regarded as a ‘deviation’, as counter-revolutionary and anti-working class, as support for the ‘imperialist warmongers’. Hence, oppositionists had to be not just expelled but ‘eradicated’. 58 Indeed, even district leaders (Bezirksleiter) were presented as the ‘Führer’ of their district.