By Marc Fricke, Dirk Volkmer (auth.), Kensuke Naka (eds.)
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"The 5 chapters of Biomineralization, quantity 1, supply a bridge among the mineralogy and the natural substrates that allow the mineral formation by way of organisms in nature and less than laboratory stipulations. … The e-book is a most beneficial reference for all keen on biomineralization and biogenic minerals, and it additionally belongs at the cabinets of earth technology libraries." (Abraham Lerman, The magazine of Geology, March, 2008)
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Extra info for Biomineralization I: Crystallization and Self-Organization Process
0} face of calcite. 0} face of calcite. (Redrawn after ) Fig. 1) oriented calcite crystal relative to monolayers of eicosyl sulfate or eicosyl phosphonate, according to Heywood and Mann . 1) plane of the calcite crystal lattice. 1) plane is dictated by a stereochemical and geometrical match between sulfonate groups and the underlying ﬁrst layer of Ca ions. In the displayed µ3 -tridentate coordination mode, each sulfonate group replaces a CO3 2– anion at a crystallographically equivalent position.
However, recent investigations of the structure of nacre provide strong evidence against this simple template hypothesis . It turns out that the biosynthesis of an amorphous calcium carbonate precursor precedes formation of aragonite crystals. The mechanisms by which the amorphous phase is switched into a speciﬁc calcium carbonate polymorph and into crystals of particular shape are still largely unknown. However, by adapting model systems to this new paradigm, spe- Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate Beneath Insoluble Monolayers 35 ciﬁc aspects of the complex biological growth processes might be suitably addressed.
2 Oriented Architectures Consisting of Small Building Blocks . . . . Calcium Carbonate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 60 66 7 Conclusions: Self-Organization for Hierarchical Structures . . . . . 68 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abstract Hierarchical architectures consisting of small building blocks of inorganic crystals are widely found in biominerals.