By Elizabeth Perry
How will we clarify the marvelous trajectory of the chinese language Communist revolution? Why has it taken this sort of varied course from its Russian prototype? a solution, Elizabeth Perry indicates, lies within the chinese language Communists’ artistic improvement and deployment of cultural assets – in the course of their progressive upward thrust to strength and afterwards. Skillful “cultural positioning” and “cultural patronage,” at the a part of Mao Zedong, his comrades and successors, helped to build a polity during which a as soon as alien Communist approach got here to be permitted as familiarly “Chinese.” Perry lines this approach via a case learn of the Anyuan coal mine, a spot the place Mao and different early leaders of the chinese language Communist get together mobilized an influential hard work move first and foremost in their revolution, and whose heritage later grew to become a touchstone of “political correctness” within the People’s Republic of China. as soon as referred to as “China’s Little Moscow,” Anyuan came around time to represent a distinctively chinese language innovative culture. but the meanings of that culture stay hugely contested, as modern chinese language debate their progressive prior looking for a brand new political destiny.
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Extra info for Anyuan: Mining China's Revolutionary Tradition
On 16 April 1941, for example, seven Friedrichs of III. Gruppe were damaged to varying degree in one such early 'Circus' operation against Bercksur-Mer south ofLe Touquet. 1]G 53's Leutnant Herbert Schramm claimed over the Straits on this date remained unconfirmed - presumably from lack ofwitnesses - they may well have been the two Polish-flown machines ofN 0 303 Sqn that formed part of the Blenheims' escort, and which were shot down off Dungeness. Twenty-four hours earlier, on 15 April, II. Gruppe had had insult added to injury when its base at St Orner Arques had been ground strafed - by Messerschmitts of] G 52, whose pilots were convinced that they were flying over southern England!
While nearly 100 twin-engined bombers were despatched against the Gneisenau in Brest, a force of 15 Halifax heavy bombers made the longer haul down to La Pallice. Here, they were confronted by the Bf 109Es of 2. Schulstajfel, scrambled from nearby La Rochelle and led by the unit's more experienced NCO instructors. In a running fight lasting more than half-an-hour, the Stajfel claimed the destruction of six Halifaxes (in fact, five were lost, and all the remainder damaged) at the cost to themselves ofjust one Emil, whose pilot bailed out to safety.
Invariably unescorted, they fell easy prey to the waiting Messerschmitts. By day's end all but the first three ofL/]G 53's 18 victories had taken the form of twin-engined bombers. Meanwhile, Major von Maltzahn's Geschwaderstab had been flying a succession offteie Jagd and ground-attack sorties over the same areas to the north and east of Brest-Litovsk. The Kommodore himself got the first of the morning's trio ofI-153 fighters, and then also claimed one ofthe three bombers downed in the afternoon.