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An introduction to international relations theory : by Jill Steans; et al

By Jill Steans; et al

This version has been totally up-to-date and revised by way of the unique authors in addition to new individuals of the writer group. each one bankruptcy builds up an knowing of different methods of international politics and relations.

content material: creation 1. Liberalism 2. Realism three. Structuralism four. serious idea five. Postmodernism 6. Feminist views 7. Social Constructivism eight. eco-friendly views Conclusions, Key Debates and New instructions thesaurus of key or challenge terms
summary: This version has been absolutely up-to-date and revised by way of the unique authors in addition to new contributors of the writer staff. each one bankruptcy builds up an figuring out of different methods of taking a look at international politics and family

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Sample text

Although the US President Woodrow Wilson played a prominent role in the original conception and planning of the League, the US Senate refused to ratify the Covenant of the League of Nations, so preventing US membership. Thus, the League suffered a major moral and political blow almost before it got off the ground. Nevertheless, the League continued to function during the inter-war period, acting as an important forum for diplomacy by facilitating regular meetings between Heads of States. The League also gradually expanded its role in world affairs, setting up, among other things, a Permanent Court of International Justice to arbitrate international disputes.

But first, it is helpful to summarise briefly the core assumptions of liberalism. Assumptions The main points of the liberal world view or perspective can then be summarised thus: 1. 2. 3. 4. Rationality and inherent good nature are the defining characteristics of human kind. Rationality can be used in two distinctive ways: ■ in instrumental terms, as the ability to articulate and pursue one’s ‘interests’; ■ the ability to understand moral principles and live according to the rule of law. While people rationally pursue their own interests, there is a potential harmony of interests between people.

Thus, donating money to charity can be deemed to be an action of high moral worth while simply buying a pair of shoes for yourself is not. This does not mean that liberals see no role for the state in the economy. Liberals like Adam Smith accepted that the market would not necessarily produce much needed ‘public goods’ and that 28 | Chapter 1 ■ Liberalism governments would need to provide them. States were also necessary, because they provided a regulatory framework – a legal system – to, among other things, enforce contracts and protect against corruption and unfair competition.

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