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An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics by Pankaj Jain

By Pankaj Jain

Astronomy is the sector of technological know-how dedicated to the examine of astronomical gadgets, reminiscent of stars, galaxies, and nebulae. Astronomers have accrued a wealth of information in regards to the universe via thousands of years of painstaking observations. those observations are interpreted by way of actual and chemical legislation conventional to mankind. those interpretations offer information regarding the character of those astronomical gadgets, bearing in mind the deduction in their floor and inside stipulations. The technology linked to those interpretations is named astrophysics.

An creation to Astronomy and Astrophysics

offers a finished creation to astronomy and astrophysics, whole with illustrative examples and illuminating homework difficulties. Requiring a familiarity with uncomplicated physics and arithmetic, this undergraduate-level textbook:

  • Addresses key physics innovations proper to stellar observations, together with radiation, electromagnetic spectrum, photometry, non-stop and discrete spectrum, and spectral lines
  • Describes tools used for astronomical observations in addition to how the radiation acquired is characterised and interpreted to figure out the homes of stars
  • Examines the constitution of stars, the fundamental equations which clarify stars in equilibrium, and the fusion reactions happening in stellar cores
  • Discusses the evolution of stars, the sunlight method, the dynamics of galaxies, and the basics of recent cosmology
  • Explores the universe at excessive redshifts, the place it really is ruled via gadgets resembling lively galaxies

Solutions handbook and determine slides on hand with qualifying path adoption

An advent to Astronomy and Astrophysics

teaches scholars tips on how to interpret the evening sky, offering them with a serious realizing of the celebrities and different heavenly bodies.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Sample text

1 Refractor Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Reflecting Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Observations at Visible Frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Theoretical Limit on Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Seeing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mounting of Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Their relative positions, with respect to one another, change only slightly with time. This is attributed to their intrinsic motion. The shift is so small that it is detectable only over a long time interval with sophisticated instruments. The velocity of a star with respect to the Sun is called the space velocity. We can decompose it into the radial and the tangential components. 6. This is measured by the Doppler shift, explained below, and is relatively easy to measure. The tangential or transverse component, 45 Astrometry vt , is perpendicular to the radial direction or the line of sight.

17 20 23 24 27 29 31 32 33 33 33 33 34 We observe the Universe at many different wavelengths, visible light being most common. Observations are made mostly by ground-based telescopes. However, in order to eliminate atmospheric distortion, space-based telescopes, such as the Hubble Space Telescope, are also used. What we typically observe is the visible light emitted by different atoms and ions at the surface of stars. This gives us information about the temperature, relative density of different elements and their state of ionization at the stellar surface.

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