By Rudiger Wink
This publication provides an outline of modern coverage results within the box of academia-business hyperlinks in numerous eu nations. It covers a large diversity of methods, from new public investment tools to reforms of highbrow estate rights and neighborhood community guidelines. a distinct concentration is wear functional coverage implications and discussions approximately reform.
Read or Download Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt (Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society) PDF
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There’s a technological and artistic revolution underway. impressive new instruments, fabrics and abilities flip us all into makers. utilizing expertise to make, fix or customise the issues we'd like brings engineering, layout and computing device technology to the hundreds. thankfully for educators, this maker move overlaps with the average dispositions of youngsters and the facility of studying through doing. The energetic learner is on the heart of the training approach, amplifying the simplest traditions of revolutionary schooling. This e-book is helping educators convey the intriguing possibilities of the maker stream to each lecture room.
Children are normal tinkerers
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Additional resources for Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt (Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society)
It follows that even the 175 companies spun off by UNICO members in 2001 is a very modest total relative to the total number of discoveries currently being made by university researchers. A promising start has been made but there is much more to be done in establishing and supporting both spin-offs and start-ups. This chapter supports the belief that a significant increase in the number of spin-offs is both necessary and possible in the next phase of the process of commercializing university research.
Even so, the UNICO Survey makes a crucial comment, pointing out that the current number of scientific and technological research projects in British universities must be ‘in the tens of thousands’. It follows that even the 175 companies spun off by UNICO members in 2001 is a very modest total relative to the total number of discoveries currently being made by university researchers. A promising start has been made but there is much more to be done in establishing and supporting both spin-offs and start-ups.
This is not the case for leaving spin-offs. We also find that the intensity of researchers in private firms has a significantly negative influence on the district’s number of all start-ups and staying spin-offs but not on the number of leaving spin-offs. High capacities of private research in a district lead to high opportunity costs for researchers who want to establish their own firm because there are a lot of attractive jobs in industry for them. Moreover, the wage level for research jobs, often in big firms, is high in such regions, and so it is expensive to hire researchers.