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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2 by Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

By Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

In the second one quantity of his vintage exploration of the Spanish-Jewish neighborhood, Baer covers such significant old occasions because the Spanish Inquisition and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. This paintings examines the impact of church coverage at the Jewish inhabitants within the fifteenth century, and the issues at which Jewish tradition as a complete used to be altered via Spain’s actions.

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Com << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index the revolt of the nobles in 1347–1348, and the war with Pedro I of Castile. Naturally, the Jewish communities near the fight­ ing zones suffered harm; and it is probable that at that time (end of the 1360”s) the king may have threatened to expel the Jews from his kingdom, or from a part of it, as punish­ ment for the misdeeds of two Jewish mintmasters. Our in­ formation on this matter is none too definite. 34 On the whole, Pedro IV’s Jewish policy was definitely di­ rected towards protecting the Jews, safeguarding the priv­ ileges of the aljamas, promoting their economic interests, and developing their institutions.

On the other hand, there were among the Jews of that country sages and scholars, phy­ sicians, translators and a few astronomers. Some of these were refugees from southern France, and several were out­ standingly interesting personalities. David Bonjorn (Yomtov) de Barrio (del Barri), who lived in Perpignan and Gerona, was an astronomer who at a later date built astronomical instruments for the young Pedro IV. David Bonjorn (known also in Hebrew literature) seems to have been one of the most charming and also one of the most irascible young scholars of his age.

This phe­ nomenon in Jewish life is most astonishing, seeing that the large Jewish communities were small even when judged by the standards of an age of small populations. The dangers threatening from without should have made for greater cohe­ sion and unity within the camp. Pedro IV encouraged demo­ cratic tendencies both within the municipalities and within the aljamas. The best of the royal officials followed his ex­ 33 A History of the Jews in Christian Spain This Library PDF version is for the use on an institutional computer only.

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